Safety in the Home

The most common accidents in Ireland are falls 45%, being struck or hit by an object 35%, a strain 6% or a cut 4%.

Most accidents occur in or around the home, or in a sports area.

Many of the accidents that happen in and around the home can be avoided. By identifying and understanding potential accident risks in the home, you can take some basic safety steps that will keep your children safe and give you peace of mind.

Who is at risk?

Children aged between 0 and 4 years of age are most likely to have an accident in the home, and boys are more at risk than girls.

Falls

Falls are by far the most common type of accident in the home. They account for 44% of all children’s accidents.

For babies, the biggest danger is rolling off the edge of something such as a table, bed or sofa. Toddlers learn quickly how to climb and explore and it is very easy for a child to fall off a piece of furniture, down the stairs or out of a window or balcony.

Young children are likely to fall over and get knocks and bruises as they learn to walk and move, but more serious accidents can be avoided. The following steps can help to prevent falls in the home:

  • Make sure your baby cannot roll off the changing surface. .
  • Fit restrictors to upstairs windows so they cannot be opened more than 10cm.
  • Do not put chairs or anything a child might climb onto near windows.
  • Do not leave anything on the stairs that might cause someone to fall over.
  • Make sure there is no room for a child to crawl through any banisters at the top of the stairs, board them up if there is a risk of your child falling through them or getting stuck.
  • If you have a private balcony, keep the door to it locked so your child cannot go onto it alone. If it has railings that your child could climb through, board them up or fit wire netting as a guard. Do not put anything a child can climb onto near balcony railings.
  • Any furniture and kitchen appliances that could be pulled over should be secured to the wall.

Suffocating and Choking

Babies and young children can easily swallow, inhale (breathe in) or choke on small items such as marbles, buttons, peanuts and small toys.

  • Keep small objects out of the reach of small children.
  • Choose toys that are designed for the age of your baby or child. Encourage older children to keep their toys away from your baby.
  • Beware of clothing with cords or ribbons threaded through the neck and dummies on cords as they can easily get caught and pull tightly on the neck.
  • Be careful with plastic bags as young children can put these over their heads and suffocate.
  • Curtain and blind pull cords should be kept short and out of reach of children.
  • Keep animals, especially cats, out of your bedrooms in case they jump into cots and beds. If they fall asleep in the wrong place they could suffocate your child. Use a net over prams if necessary.

Fires

Domestic fires are one of the greatest risks to children. Children playing with matches and lighters frequently start house fires. The youngest children often hide from the danger and may not be found until it is too late.

Always use a fireguard on an open fireplace and make sure it is attached to the wall. Do not lean or hang anything from it.

  • Fit smoke alarms on each floor of your home (preferably alarms that are connected to the mains or that have 10-year batteries), and make sure that you test them regularly.
  • Keep matches and lighters out of children’s reach.
  • Extinguish and dispose of cigarettes carefully.

Have an escape plan worked out for your family and tell your child what to do in case of a fire. Practise the plan regularly.

Burns and scalds

Hot drinks cause most of the scalds to children under the age of five. A child’s skin is much more sensitive than an adult’s and hot water can scald for up to 15 minutes after it has boiled. Hot bath water is the biggest cause of severe and fatal scalding injuries in young children.

Children can also get burns from open fires, cookers, irons, hair straighteners and tongs, cigarettes, matches, lighters and other hot surfaces.

  • Switch off heated appliances, such as irons, hair straighteners and curling tongs, immediately after use and place out of your child’s reach. Keep the cord safely out of reach as well.
  • Always place hot drinks out of children’s reach. Keep them away from the edges of tables and surfaces, and don’t use table cloths that children can pull at.
  • Do not drink anything hot with a child on your lap.
  • Use a cordless kettle or one with a coiled lead that can be kept short.
  • Use the back rings on the cooker, whenever possible, and turn saucepan handles away from the edge.
  • As much as possible, keep young children out of the kitchen.
  • Before bathing your baby or child, check that the water is not too hot. A good test is to put your elbow in first. When filling the bath, run the cold water first before adding hot water. As your child gets older, teach them to test the water first too.

Poisoning

Most poisoning accidents involve medicines, household products and cosmetics. Over 28,000 children in the UK receive treatment for poisoning, or suspected poisoning, every year.

  • Keep anything that may be poisonous (all medicines and pills, household cleaners and garden products) out of reach, preferably in a locked cupboard.
  • Use containers that have child-resistant tops. But be aware that by the age of three, many children are able to open child-resistant tops.
  • Keep all dangerous chemicals in their original containers. For example, do not store weedkiller in an old drinks bottle as a young child may mistake it for something safe to drink.
  • Dispose of unwanted medicines and chemicals carefully.
  • Discourage your children from eating any plants or fungi when outside, some can be extremely poisonous and even fatal.

Drowning

Children can drown in just a few centimetres of water and should be supervised at all times when near any water.

  • Never leave babies or children in the bath unsupervised, not even for a minute.
  • Do not leave uncovered containers of liquid around the house.
  • Store away paddling pools when they are not being used.
  • Preferably, fill in garden ponds while children are small. If this is not possible, cover ponds with a rigid grille or securely fence them off. Be careful when your children visit other people’s gardens.

If you would like to like to read about our range of First Aid Courses in Dublin please click here.

Sources www.irishhealth.com 

 

Thanks for your Donations : Toys for Tubs

We held our Open House coffee morning yesterday in support of the Toys for Tubs appeal.

Due to the poor weather conditions we received a good few cancellations as many people were stranded in their own homes.

However there was still a great turn out. Everybody enjoyed the morning and the opportunity to meet new people. The home made biscuits and scones also helped.

We collected over 30 presents and € 120 in cash. All proceeds will be given to SVDP who will distribute the donations to families in Ireland who are in need of some help.

Thanks again to everybody who turned up yesterday and their generousity. It will make a big difference for people hit hardest by the recession.

As my parents always say “Charity starts at your own door step”

We support “Toys for Tubs”

To start our blog we want to raise awareness for the “Toys for Tubs” appeal.

Ryan Tubridy started this a few weeks ago while talking to one of his callers who told him about the difficulties attached when you become a victim of the recession.

Some families won’t be able to celebrate a christmas as they were used to in the past. There are a lot of families who will seriously struggle to buy christmas presents for their children.

Taking the approach that charity starts at your own doorsteps we decided to hold an Open Coffee Morning on 3rd December 2010 from 10am-1pm.

Everybody is invited to join us for some coffee, tea, scones and biscuits.

If you are interested please ring us on 086-4045520 for details or drop us a line. All proceeds will be given to St Vincent de Paul. SVP asked only for new present. For more information please have a look at the RTE website.

We look forward to seeing you next week

Calling an Ambulance

This might seem a straight forward excercise. However there are a few things you need to know, i.e. when to call an ambulance, the correct emergency numbers and what to say to the operator.

When to call an ambulance?
  • When a casualty is unconscious no matter the cause
  • When a casualty is fitting
  • When a casualty has breathing problems
  • When a casualty is wheezing
  • When you suspect Meningitis
  • When a casualty has a severe Bleed
  • When there is no pulse below the fracture/dislocation
  • When you are concerned
The golden rule rule is – if in doubt, call them!

 

What is the right number – 999 or 112?

Regardless of which number you call, there will be no difference and the call will be handled in the same manner. 112 is the pan-European number to access the Emergency Services and this number can be used to reach the Emergency Services whilst travelling throughout Europe. In Ireland, 999 and 112 exist equally and run in parallel. If you are travelling within Europe or if you know somebody who is planning to take a trip within Europe sometime soon, remember to use 112 in the event of an emergency.

How to call the emergency services?

  • State the exact location of the emergency
  • The phone number your are calling from and your name
  • State your name
  • Type and severity of emergency, i.e. “road traffic accident, 2 cars involved”
  • Patient’s name (if known to you), approximate age, sex and condition / injuries
DO NOT HANG UP!
The operator will be able to provide you with first aid advice while you are waiting for the emergency services to arrive.
[youtube]qWib6WfW18M[/youtube]
Making a 999 Call: How to make a 999 Call courtesy of St. John’s Ambulance Young First Aider Resources

If you would like to like to read about our range of First Aid Courses in Dublin please click here.